The European Southern Observatory released an official declaration on Wednesday stating that the brightest galaxy in the universe has been identified with the help of their Very Large Telescope. The finding is extremely important as the brightest galaxy CR7 sheds light on the Big Bang, scientists have explained.
According to David Sobral, science professor at the Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences and leader of the research group, the images that were recently sent by the Very Large Telescope has helped scientists identify the brightest galaxy in the universe to have ever been spotted.
Sobral, who was born in Potugal, told the press that he has decided to name the galaxy CR7. He got his inspiration for the name of the island universe from the famous football player Cristiano Ronaldo, who holds number 7 in the Portuguese team. The leading professor wanted to dedicate his scientific achievement to his country.
Further studies have shown that CR7 is made out of uniquely bright stars, which are said to have led to the famous Big Bang moment. These celestial bodies belong to the Population III category of stars, they are brighter than the sun and they contain lithium and other light elements.
In spite of their light composition, the richly ionized stars are responsible for the birth of the majority of the stars in the universe. They particularly contribute to the forming of Population I and II stars, which are made up of heavy components, such as, oxygen, hydrogen and carbon. For that matter, scientists have suggested that Population III stars were the ones that led to the Big Bang explosion.
They have further grounded their supposition on additional space evidence, namely, scientists have used computer software to analyze the core of the brightest galaxy. They have reached the conclusion that CR7 is massively ionized. The values of ionized helium emissions are comparable to the ones registered 800 million years ago when the first stars were formed during the Big Bang.
The light stars at the core of CR7 have a very short life span compared to the one of the Population I and II stars. They only live 2 million years and they produce powerful Supernovas which, in turn, give birth to new star formations.
Scientists are incredibly satisfied with the results of their recent findings as they think CR7 will shed further light on the formation of the universe. Moreover, the present research will set the grounds for future studies.
Image Source: natureworldnews.com