According to scientists at the German Research Centre for Environmental Health, the first lab-grown breast sheds light on cancer cell progression. Researchers have grown the said breast in an attempt to study the reproductive ability of the mammary cells and the influence they could have on cancer cells.
Professors at the German Research Centre for Environmental Health embarked upon a new medical research to find out possible treatments for breast cancer. They were particularly interested in the reproductive behavior of mammary cells as this indicates that women’s breast have the natural ability of reproducing themselves.
During the puberty years of a woman and all throughout her reproductive life, the mammary cells regenerate with each new pregnancy. These cells enable milk formation even after multiple pregnancies suggesting that they may feature a special tissue that enables their regeneration.
Scientists thought the study of this particular behavior could help them come across a solution for the regeneration of the breast cells, as well. Or at least, shed additional light on the behavior of the ill cells.
The experiment was conducted with the help of healthy breast tissue that had been withdrawn from women who underwent esthetic surgeries. These samples were kept my medical experts in a transparent gel that favors cell formation.
After a month, scientists closely analyzed the breast cell tissues and they were thus able to notice that the regenerative capacity of the cells is influenced by the physical characteristics of the environment. These stem cells, that is, cells with a high capacity of reproduction, have a natural tendency to reproduce themselves at faster rates when the physical environment is more rigid.
Unfortunately, the more rigid the gel, the more erratic the growth of the cell was, scientists have concluded. Irregular cell progression is specific for breast tumors; therefore, scientists have concluded that rigid environment is responsible for the erratic behavior of cancer cells, as well.
Researchers were glad that they were able to make a first successful attempt in studying the regenerative abilities of the mammary cells and stem cells, alike. However, further studies need to be carried out to identify those factors that could prevent physical rigidity and, therefore, cancer cell invasion.
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