If you were wondering what other discoveries from the world of physics were unveiled, then you should know that the smallest transistor in the world was invented. Depending on the size of a transistor, if they are small the number one can fit on a chip increase. This will automatically imply that your processor will be more efficient. A team that works in Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has managed to develop a transistor gate of only one nanometer, being categorized as the smallest transistor ever existing.
- A team from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory produced the smallest transistor in the world.
- Big Companies will be using this technology in the future.
Moore’s Law claims that the transistors’ number doubles in a semiconductor circuit every two years. Contemporary physics uses a technology scale of 14 nanometers, having 10-nanometer semiconductors prone to be issued next year or in 2018. If scientists want to revolutionize science, then they need to leave aside Moore’s law. The 7-nanometer node can develop with silicon, but after that point, problems are bound to occur. Smaller silicon transistors measuring 7 nanometers become so close together that quantum tunneling appears between electrons.
The electrons can flow in a continuously way from a gate to the other, without being forced to stay in the deliberate logic gate. Thus, particles allow the transistors to be in an off state. Companies like Intel had already announced that they would explore other necessary materials to develop 7-nanometer conductors. But the Berkeley Laboratory research crew is way ahead of them, making use of molybdenum disulfide and carbon nanotubes to produce a transistor with a size smaller than 7 nanometers.
The molybdenum disulfide works like a semiconductor. It has a nanotube from hollow carbon which functions just like a gate, controlling the electrons’ flow. Considering all this information, we acknowledge the fact that this study is still in its early stages. The team from the Berkley Lab is aware of the fact that a single die has more than a billion transistors when measuring 14 nanometers, but still, this team works to produce a feasible method to develop the one nanometer transistors and also a chip to use them. That is a very bold and smart goal.
Are you curious to see how many big companies will use this new technology?
Image source: wikipedia